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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 60-69

A comparative study of semen parameters of men undergoing fertility treatment from urban population residing in Delhi/NCR region and semi-urban population from adjoining states


Medicover Fertility, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Sweta Gupta
Clinical Director, Medicover Fertility, E-20, Panchsheel Park, New Delhi, PIN-110017
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2394-4285.288717

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Objective: To analyze the difference in semen parameters of men from urban areas of Delhi/NCR with those residing outside Delhi region. Material and Methods: A retrospective cross-sectional study was undertaken at tertiary level center located in New Delhi region between the period of August 2019 to January 2020. A total of 657 men undergoing fertility workup during their infertility treatment were included in the study with 521 (79.2%) men from Delhi/NCR region (urban) and another 136 (20.7%) men from outside Delhi region (semi-urban) with mean age of both the group was 35.6 ± 5.7 years. Results and Discussion: It was observed in both the groups that there was no statistical difference noted in mean ± SD of in semen volume (1.79 ± 0.84 vs 1.78 ± 0.83), sperm concentration (49.9 ±32.4 vs 49.8 ± 32.4), total motility (58 ± 22.5 vs 58.1 ± 22.5), progressive motility (32.3 ±13.8 vs 32.2 ± 13.8) P = 0.95 and sperm morphology (2.3 ± 2.2 vs 2.3 ± 2.2). The prevalence of male factor subfertility was higher in men residing outside Delhi as compared to men of Delhi 53.1% versus 56.6% respectively and overall combined male factor in study population including the men from both the group was 58%. Conclusion: There were no significant differences in semen parameters including sperm concentration, total motility progressive motility, total motile concentration and sperm gross morphology in the men residing in urban area of Delhi and those residing in semi-urban area outside Delhi/NCR for up to three years period.


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